Here is another holiday you will need to know about if you’re in Mexico. While some are simply “observed” holidays by state, this is a national observance that will see pretty much everything closed. Each February 5 marks a national holiday around Mexico with celebrations of Constitution Day.
Constitution Day (Día de la Constitución) is an official holiday across the country celebrating the anniversary of Mexico’s current constitution. The federal public holiday means that all banks, schools, government offices and even some businesses are closed.
Travelers around Mexico may want to check public transit schedules for changes in times and or routes.
Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos or the Constitution of Mexico, formally the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States was drafted in Santiago de Querétaro in central Mexico following a revolution that started in 1910. It was approved by the Mexican constitutional congress on February 5, 1917.
The document included significant social reforms to labor laws and provided for equality without discrimination, among other reforms.
Some of the most important provisions are Articles 3, 27, and 123 which display profound changes in Mexican political philosophy that helped frame the political and social backdrop for Mexico in the twentieth century. Aimed at restricting the Roman Catholic Church in Mexico, Article 3 established the basis for a free, mandatory, and secular education.
Article 27 laid the foundation for land reforms. Article 123 was designed to empower the labor sector, which had emerged in the late nineteenth century and which supported the winning faction of the Mexican Revolution.